Holiday Coaching And Pupils Academic Performance Among Students

In a business setting, an increasing movement of change in the business environment with new competitors entering the market and struggling faces by current organisations in the market forced managers to make an additional effort to keep competitive advantages in response to the complexity of the business environment.

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From the pressure, more managers aim to develop employees’ capability, behaviours and self-regulation through achieving a higher level of performance. Coaching has gained special attention in private and public sector organisations as a very popular method of developing employee performance, hence, serve as a method to overcome employees and organisational challenges.


school holiday coaching supplements the normal learning time of formal learning commercially. In the event of distinguishing remedial lessons for slow learners to improve achievement, it is at times undertaken off school premises. It is believed that it supplements the normal teaching formal time. It also distinguishes remedial forms of teaching for slow learners to improve under-achieved subjects out of the school premises. In some instances, private tuition has been identified with remedial lessons or holiday tuition of which the former is conducted in the evening, morning and over weekends while the latter during the school holiday.


Many schools and districts are seeking ways to make professional development more relevant and user-friendly to meet the mandates of educational reform. The most important factor affecting student learning is the teacher. Teacher qualifications, teacher knowledge, and skills, make more difference for student learning than any other single factor. Therefore, teachers must be equipped to meet the learning needs of all students. Since students’ performance varies based on their level of skill mastery and current academic standards, it is necessary to provide educators with a variety of techniques to assist students in their attainment of new concepts. One of the most significant challenges faced by educators is the promotion of student achievement. Teachers working collaboratively with their colleagues can help one another meet this challenge.

School leaders must provide an environment where teachers feel safe when taking risks. Teachers need opportunities to share what they know, discuss what they want to learn and connect new concepts and strategies to their own context. Furthermore, teachers need opportunities for inquiry and collaboration. Collaborating in meaningful ways empowers teachers to do the critical work of meeting the academic needs of children.


Coaching requires specialized knowledge. Specifically, successful classroom teaching experiences must form the foundation of any coach’s knowledge base. Additionally, coaches must engage in their own continuous professional development to enhance the knowledge gained in their initial training. Their primary obligation is to help build teacher capacity through onsite professional development. The second principle, time working with teachers, is the focus of coaching. The coach spends time modeling instruction, co-teaching, observing, and analyzing data to help teachers meet their objective of effective teaching. However, many coaches spend much of their time in other administrative tasks rather than working with teachers and students. The third principle focuses on collaborative relationships, which are crucial for successful coaching. The bond forged through the shared desire for student success is the foundation for the collaborative relationship between coach and teacher. However, coaches bear the responsibility of developing relationships built on trust. To accomplish this, they must keep their discussions with teachers confidential and develop ways to communicate with teachers effectively. Thus, coaches must develop the vital skill of relationship building if they are to be successful. The fourth principle, coaching that supports student reading achievement, focuses on a set of core activities. Coaches should facilitate grade-level meetings, co-plan lessons, co-teach in the classroom, facilitate book clubs, and deliver monthly professional development workshops for teachers effectively


The use of coaching continues to flourish over time in wider range of contexts including in social sciences, management, psychology, education and philosophy with the purpose to support individuals at distinct level in their personal life or to encourage employees in their careers. There is various type of approaches in coaching that have their own presumptions about human being and how peoples aged and transform while have particular internal logic within knowledge’ paradigm to assist coachees accomplish their coaching target. Different types of coaching approaches are as follows:

Psychodynamic approach: to coaching is rich influential body of ideas can inform coaches in their pursuit for deepening their practice by contributing to awareness about the working of the unconscious. This approach best suits when the coachees’ interest inclined to explore the essence of their patterns of meaning-making or whenever they grounded and ready to undertake whatever solution to accomplish an abiding shift. Coaching contexts that effectively result in positive outcome using this approach are team, leadership and developmental coaching

Cognitive behavioural coaching (CBC): refers to as an integrative approach that merges behavioural, cognitive, imaginal and problem-solving interventions and plan of actions uses in the framework of cognitive behavioural to allow achievement of realistic targets by coachees. CBC focuses on to equip individuals with effective set of skills of thinking and behavioural, to develop internal resources, self-acceptance and balance to ensure individuals mobilise their choices of response and to encourage individuals to turn into their own self-coach. Wide range of cognitive models, techniques, and tools such as recognising performance improvement thought, describing customer’ cognition, teaching a new technique of thinking and also a variety of behavioural-focused techniques, for instance in health coaching. Nevertheless, whoever with disturbance or limitation by purposeless thinking or engaging in debilitate behaviours that weaken their achievement; hence CBC could be the influential coaching medium.

Solution-focused approach: to coaching refers to an approach that basically based on an argument that knowing one’s problems occur does not certainly inform them on how to correct it. As a different action it targets at helping clients to determine their desire of future situation and to build a construct route both in action and thinking that helps clients in accomplishing that situation. Apart from that, coaches who use this approach infrequently offer generic theory-based solutions, rather they are drive by ‘what work’. In Useful questions that is framed by coach led to the solutions, collaborative thinking resulting the questions and expertise of the coach in the process. The heart of this approach is to support client in developing their skills in handling every concerns and targets that has been explored using this approach. From the perspective of coachees, this approach truly appealing and stimulating strengths-based techniques.

Person-centred approach: to coaching is based on the vital assumption that is about tendency of actualising (described as growth, development, and autonomy of the person that resulted from universal human motivation) which related with the tendency for people to develop positively and in a constructive way when the right situations are exists/present. In addition, it is all related with tendency of biological and not moral imperative. Six conditions outlined as require coaches to provide exclusively in this type of coaching approach to be person-centred. First, the presence of psychological contact between two persons, second clients should in state of incongruence or anxiously or vulnerably, third coach/therapist should congruent or joined or integrated relationship with clients, forth the therapist experiences unconditional positive view for the client, fifth the therapist should experiences a feeling of empathy understanding towards client’ internal frame of reference and efforts in order to interact those experiences with client and last but not least, the conversation between client and therapist’ empathy understanding and unconditionally positive regard are to achieve minimal degree. Many coaches combine this approach with different approaches meanwhile others emphasising the significance of the relationship (coach-coachee) rather fully appreciate the extent of the philosophical underlying in this approach.


There is a positive correlation between holiday coaching and learners’ academic performance. Students’ participation in private coaching have increased the likelihood of university entrance. Overall, they found that students who reported that they had participated in private coaching during high school years showed a higher probability of attending universities in their first year following graduation from high school. For students in the first year out of high school, practice examinations and correspondence courses improved the probability of entering college by 16 percent and 25 percent, respectively, whereas having a private coach significantly reduced this probability, which reflects the remedial character of this form of private coaching in Nigeria. In addition, the student academic performance variable used in all regression models was problematic because it was likely to be endogenous, which means that it was correlated with unobserved student innate ability or motivation


Coaching is a continuous process of developing, maintaining, exploring and helping individuals, or employees or managers improve one’s abilities, skills, and knowledges and not only limited to that but can also help increase one’s well-being motivation level and performance. High level of various skills such as behavioural, cognitive, leadership and those related to coaching effectiveness are best to be improved by the coaches to produce fruitful benefits to the coachees as in whole. In conclusion, this research allows shedding light on coaching expectations, both for the students who will participate in the six coaching sessions, one-to-one between coachee (student) and coach. These expectations provide an additional point of view to teachers and coaches to help coachees find their solutions with the coaching process’s guidance in the broader consideration. On the one hand, teachers can realise the benefits of the upcoming coaching process for the coachees, which will contribute to taking advantage of the potential of the school’s talented students. On the other hand, this research’s relevant contribution will be the positive effect of the school’s coaching process, which can be measured in terms of students’ academic performance and growth.



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