Determining whether or not undergraduate project topics or topic requires research hypothesis is very important for effective and efficient research project writing. The outcome of an undergraduate projects is partly dependent on the nature or the kind of the research hypothesis you choose. The choice of statistical tool(s) for the validation of the stated hypothesis is dependent on the type of hypothesis stated. A research hypothesis that is trying to determine the impact of a variable on the other will push the method of data analysis to the use of non parametric test (chi-square) while the hypothesis that is trying to relate or determine the influence of a variable on the other will push the method of data analysis to correlation method.
Research projectis a request or examination directed by an research that makes a unique scholarly or imaginative commitment to the control. Research project is a scholastic task (or examination) attempted by an understudy towards the consummation of his/her scholarly quest for a first degree as expressed in quite a while first degree educational program. Research projects can be intended to fit an assortment of class develops and to advance understudy learning at all degrees of undergraduate schooling. It is additionally an errand attempted by student(s) inside a given time-frame in a given branch of knowledge pointed toward causing the understudy to have autonomous limit with regards to requests and to enhance and to supplement formal educating in his general vicinity of study. This empowers the understudy sharpen in the hypothetical course work in the college. There is no uncertainty that the activity will uncover to the instructor who is doled out to direct the understudy, the understudy’s territory of solidarity and shortcomings. At the point when these shortcomings are adjusted during speaker — understudy collaboration, the understudy comes out to be the pride of the college — the place of graduation. Research project undertakings can be understudy or workforce started, and understudies can either take part in a work in advance or enter a task at its beginning. Research project is the investigation of a particular point inside a field by an research understudy that makes a unique commitment to the control.
We cannot take a single step forward in any inquiry unless we begin with a suggested explanation or solution of the difficulty which originated it. Such tentative explanations are suggested to us by something in the subject-matter and by our previous knowledge. When they are formulated as propositions, they are called hypotheses. The hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a tentative solution of a problem. The research activities are planned to verify the hypothesis and not to find out the solution of the problem or to seek an answer of a question. It is very essential to a research worker to understand the meaning and nature of hypothesis. The researcher always plan or formulate a hypothesis in the beginning of the problem. The word hypothesis consists of two words: Hypo + thesis = Hypothesis. ‘Hypo’ means tentative or subject to the verification and ‘Thesis’ means statement about solution of a problem. The word meaning of the term hypothesis is a tentative statement about the solution of the problem. Hypothesis offers a solution of the problem that is to be verified empirically and based on some rationale. Another meaning of the word hypothesis which is composed of two words — ‘Hypo’ means composition of two or more variables which is to be verified. ‘Thesis’ means position of these variables in the specific frame of reference. This is the operational meaning of the term hypothesis. Hypothesis is the composition of some variables which have some specific position or role of the variables i.e. to be verified empirically. It is a proposition about the factual and conceptual elements. Hypothesis is called a leap into the dark. It is a brilliant guess about the solution of a problem. A hypothesis is a tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables. A hypothesis is a specific, testable prediction about what you expect to happen in your study. To be complete the hypothesis must include three components –
v The variables;
v The population; and
v The relationship between the variables.
Remember, a hypothesis does not have to be correct. While the hypothesis predicts what the researchers expect to see, the goal of research is to determine whether this guess is right or wrong. When conducting an experiment, researchers might explore a number of different factors to determine which ones might contribute to the ultimate outcome. In many cases, researchers may find that the results of an experiment do not support the original hypothesis. When writing up these results, the researchers might suggest other options that should be explored in future studies.
Why Some Research Projects Do Not Require Hypothesis
Not all research projects require hypothesis; some of these projects are those that have to do with design and construction, design and implementation, law projects, English and literary studies etc. There are a whole lots of them. This because the projects under design and construction is not hypothetical in nature; any body designing a project have an expected outcome in mind and he/she will not stop until he/she achieve the aim of his research work. But the projects that require hypothesis usually contains two or more variables that can or not be quantified. The researcher usually get the information he/she need from primary or secondary source. The kind of response he/she gets from her respondents will influence the outcome of the project.
In conclusion, not all project require hypothesis; projects under social science normally require hypothesis but those in the field of engineering, computert science and law do not require hypothesis.